Benison IVF – Infertility Specialist

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Infertility Testing For Females And Males

What Is Infertility Testing?

Are you still unable to conceive after having regular, unprotected sex for over a year? Then you must consider getting tested for infertility. Infertility tests are essential for both men and women in a relationship. Infertility is a disease of the male or female reproductive system. In the male reproductive system, infertility results from either of the following reasons –

  • Semen ejection issues

  • Low sperm count

  • Abnormal shape (morphology) and movement (motility) of the sperm

  • Problems in erection/ejaculation

According to the best infertility specialists, infertility in the female reproductive system, may be caused by the following:

  • Abnormalities of the ovaries

  • Uterus issues

  • Fallopian tubes issues

  • Endocrine system issues

Your infertility can be primary or secondary. It will be considered primary infertility if you have not become pregnant before. On the contrary, if you are unable to conceive for the second time (after having a baby from your first pregnancy/after abortion), it is referred to as secondary infertility.

We at Benison IVF and health care clinic offer infertility treatments for males and females, encompassing infertility prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Our fertility care aims to offer you the best fertility treatment at affordable prices.

Reasons for infertility in men and women

There are several reasons for the cause of infertility in both males and females. Let us look at some of them to enlighten you.

In the female reproductive system, infertility may occur for the following reasons: 

  • Untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unsafe abortions, postpartum sepsis, and abdominal/pelvic surgeries can result in blockages in the fallopian tubes.

  • Endocrine system disorders can result in imbalances of reproductive hormones.

  • Ovarian disorders, like polycystic ovarian syndrome and other follicular disorders, are often to be blamed for infertility.

  • The uterine disorders (endometriosis, septate uterus, and fibroids) are often inflammatory, congenital, or benign.

In the male reproductive system, infertility may occur from the following disorders:

  • Any blockage in the male reproductive system can result in dysfunctionalities in the ejection of semen in males.

  • Hormonal disorders are also a significant cause of infertility in men. Glands like the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, and testicles generally release reproductive hormones. Any hormonal imbalance in these glands can cause infertility.

  • Testicular failure can reduce sperm production. Testicular failure can occur in men due to varicoceles or medical treatments, impairing sperm-producing cells.

  • Abnormal sperm functions and quality can also negatively impact male fertility rates. These disorders can result from using anabolic steroids for a long time.

  • Environmental factors and lifestyle changes also cause infertility in men. If you are addicted to excessive alcohol or smoking or are obese, there are high chances of infertility in such cases. In addition, exposure to toxins and severe environmental conditions are also major causes of male infertility.

Why Is It Crucial To Address Infertility At The Right Time?

Addressing infertility at the right time is essential to mitigate the chances of not conceiving. Although both men and women can experience infertility, women are often blamed for being unable to bear a child. We at Benison IVF and health care clinic advise our patients to get tested as early as possible to learn the reason behind infertility. Get connected with us today and learn more about our infertility treatments!

What Are The Initial Stages Of Infertility Testing?

Both parents must prepare for infertility testing. As approximately 30%-40% of infertility reasons are unexplained, other reasons can be medically explained by your reproductive endocrinologists.

While consulting the fertility specialists at Benison IVF & Health Care Clinic, you need to provide the following details:

 

  • Medication details

  • Medical history of the patient mentioning long-term surgeries, thyroid, diabetes, etc.

  • If the patient is under the influence of alcohol, drugs, tobacco, caffeinated products, etc.

  • Birth control history

  • Frequency of sexual intercourse

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (if any)

  • Physical or mental issues (during intercourse, if any)

  • Previous miscarriages or abortions (if any)

  • Lifestyle details

  • Stress factors (if any)

Infertility tests for men

As mentioned in the previous section, male infertility can be caused by ejaculatory problems, issues in immunology, difficulties in sperm production, and structural anomalies in male sperm. The following are the most common infertility tests in men:

  • General physical examination: The doctors will test the male genitals for any underlying disease. You will be asked about your medical history, chronic illness, previous surgeries, etc.

  • Genetic testing: Genetic testing is performed by fertility specialists to identify if there is any genetic cause of infertility. Semen samples are analysed to trace DNA abnormalities.

  • Semen analysis: Doctors perform a semen analysis to determine your morphological characteristics, sperm motility, sperm count, and infection (if any). You can collect the semen sample by masturbation or at the interruption of intercourse and collect the semen into a container.

  • Hormone testing: It is performed by fertility specialists to check testosterone hormone and other reproductive hormone levels.

  • Testicular biopsy: We suggest a testicular biopsy to retrieve sperm before performing the assisted reproductive techniques. The test examines if sperm production is normal.

  • Imaging: Reproductive endocrinologists perform MRI, ultrasound (scrotal or transrectal), vasography, or bone mineral density scan for infertility testing.

The following are the infertility tests specified for women:

  • General examination: The exam is performed to diagnose if the patient has any cervical issues.

  • Genetic testing: The test is performed to find genetic disorders, if any, that cause infertility.

  • Blood and urine tests: These tests are done at different times to check hormone levels (LH, FSH, thyroid hormones, progesterone, and AMH).

  • Ovulation testing: It is a blood test to check whether you are ovulating and to determine the number of healthy eggs.

  • Hysterosalpingography test: It is performed to analyse female fallopian tubes (whether they are blocked) and the uterus. Doctors inject an X-ray contrast through the vagina into the uterus to examine if the fluid ejects from the fallopian tubes.

  • Hysteroscopy test: A thin and flexible camera-mounted scope is used for this test. The scope is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The test is performed for cervix analysis and sample collection purposes.

  • Transvaginal ultrasound: The ultrasound tests any abnormalities in the female reproductive organs. The test employs an ultrasound probe inserted into the vagina.

  • Laparoscopy: Doctors cut a small portion of the patient’s belly for test purposes. We place a  device (la with a light and a mini camera inside to understand the cause of infertility. The patient is under the influence of anaesthesia during the test.

If you face difficulties conceiving, we can suggest the best IVF treatments to overcome your infertility and have a healthy baby. As among the leading infertility centres, we assist you in the best possible way in every step of fertility treatment.

Why must you prefer infertility testing?

Once you find out that even after 12 months of unprotected sex, you can’t conceive, you must opt for an infertility test. After assessing your health condition and other necessary medical details, we recommend the most suitable test.

We suggest seeking an infertility test to increase your chances of getting pregnant with the right IVF treatment. Contact our experts to learn more about infertility testing procedures and costs. Check out Benison IVF reviews to get more information about what our patients have to say about our fertility treatments.

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